Sunday, October 11, 2015

Spring Security Expression: Secure URL Dynamically According to Users and Permissions.

Introduction:

Today's we discuss about for securing URL using Spring-Security-Expression at Run Time in Application. Using ACL security we can set URL and permissions like read-write permissions per user but some time we just secure URL, there is no issue with Read and Write permission. That time, there is no need for using ACL security, because ACL have some complexity for implementation. But with the Spring-Security-Expression handler, we can easily secure urls by calling custom functions.

Step 1:

Create tables for User and UserPermssion as below: 
CREATE TABLE `users` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
  `name` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  `role` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  `email` varchar(256) DEFAULT NULL,
  `password` varchar(256) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

CREATE TABLE `users_permissions` (
  `id` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `user_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
  `url` varchar(300) NOT NULL,
  `permission` enum('ACCESS','DENIED') NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`user_id`,`url`),
  KEY `fk_users_permissions_1_idx` (`user_id`),
  CONSTRAINT `fk_users_permissions_1` FOREIGN KEY (`user_id`) REFERENCES `users` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE CASCADE
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;


You can also import sample data from SQL script using this link.

Step 2:

We are using Spring Java Based configuration. Our first requirement is to enable Spring-Security-Expression in our Application using following code in our security configuration file:

@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled=true)

Step 3:

 Create your custom bean for checking user security permission using database. This can contain method for validate permission and this method is used for Spring-Security-Expression. Following is our bean code:
@Component(value="securityService")
public class SecruityServiceImpl {

 @Autowired
 private UserPermissionRepo userPermissionRepo;
 
 public boolean userHasPermissionForURL(final Authentication auth, String url) {
  User user = (User) auth.getPrincipal();
  List permissions = userPermissionRepo.findByUserAndUrlAndPermission(user, url, CommonEnum.PERMSSION.ACCESS.getPermission());
  return (permissions != null && !permissions.isEmpty())? true: false;
 }
}

Step 4:

Secure our Spring-MVC controller methods using Spring-Security-Expression.  In the following code, we are using @PreAuthorize annotation for validate our expression.

@RequestMapping(value="/section-one", method=RequestMethod.GET)
@PreAuthorize(value="@securityService.userHasPermissionForURL(authentication, '/section-one')")
public String sectionOne() {
 LOG.info("In sectionOne Controller method");
  
 return "user/section-one";
}
 

Step 5:

 We can also secure our URL in user interface. The Spring-Security-Expression hide the link if user have not permission to access the URL. We are using thymeleaf for Spring-Security so, thymeleaf also provide some attribute. We can also use Spring-Security JSTL tag in JSP. For Thymeleaf following is the code.

sec:authorize="@securityService.userHasPermissionForURL(authentication, '/section-one')"

For download a complete code of sample application  access this link.

References:

  • http://docs.spring.io/spring-security/site/docs/current/reference/html/el-access.html
  • http://www.blackpepper.co.uk/spring-security-using-beans-in-spring-expression-language/
  • http://www.borislam.com/2012/08/writing-your-spring-security-expression.html

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